Scientists discover inherited neurodegenerative disease in monkeys

Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University have identified a naturally occurring mutation in nonhuman primates that closely resembles a rare neurodegenerative disease in people. The discovery could lead to the development of new therapies to treat Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease and...

A more complete molecular picture of lung squamous cell carcinoma comes into view

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-associated death in the United States and worldwide. Patients with a subtype called lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have benefited from the development of new targeted medicines, but the search for effective new therapies for...

Neural network model shows why people with autism read facial expressions differently

People with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty interpreting facial expressions. Using a neural network model that reproduces the brain on a computer, a group of researchers based at Tohoku University have unraveled how this comes to be. The journal Scientific...

Retinoblastoma resource: Researchers create more accurate research model

Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have created a laboratory model for studying retinoblastoma driven by inherited mutations in the RB1 gene.Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the retina, the thin tissue inside the back of the eye. The...

Vitamin D reduces the need for opioids in palliative cancer

Patients with vitamin D deficiency who received vitamin D supplements had a reduced need for pain relief and lower levels of fatigue in palliative cancer treatment, a randomized and placebo-controlled study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet shows. The study is...

New findings about cancer cell growth may hold promise for future cancer treatments

For a cell to grow and divide, it needs to produce new proteins. This also applies to cancer cells. In a new study published today in Science Advances, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have investigated the protein eIF4A3 and...

Wearable technology can help in at-home assessment of myoclonic jerks

A new study by the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital shows that wearable sensor technology can be used to reliably assess the occurrence of myoclonic jerks in patients with epilepsy also in the home environment. The method...

Brain-inspired highly scalable neuromorphic hardware

KAIST researchers fabricated a brain-inspired highly scalable neuromorphic hardware by co-integrating single transistor neurons and synapses. Using standard silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, the neuromorphic hardware is expected to reduce chip cost and simplify fabrication procedures. The research team led...

Researchers discover new factor in preventing phenylketonuria, offering new treatment strategy

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered a critical new factor in regulating phenylalanine metabolism and, therefore, in preventing the inherited metabolic disorder phenylketonuria (PKU). The research also suggests a possible avenue for new treatments...

All in your head: Exploring human-body communications with binaural hearing aids

Modern portable devices are the result of great progress in miniaturization and wireless communications. Now that these devices can be made even smaller and lighter without loss of functionality, it's likely that a great part of next-generation electronics will revolve...
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